1. be able to do能够做
After paying great efforts, he is able to speak English fluently.
2. be about to do正要做
As I was about to say, you interrupted me.
3. add… to…把……加……
If you add 5 to 5, you get ten.
If the tea is too strong, add some hot water.
This adds to our difficulties.
4. be afraid of 害怕
I was afraid of hurting her feelings.
5. go against反对
We don't agree with the proposal, because it goes against the law.
6. agree on达成一致
We agreed on an early start/making a early start.
We all agree on the terms.
7.agree to do同意做
My father has agreed to buy me a new computer.
8. agree with同意某人(或其想法、观点、认识等);与……相符
I don't agree with you on this point.
Your story agrees with what I had already heard.
The climate doesn't agree with me.
The mussels I had for lunch haven't agreed with me.
The verb agrees its subject in number and person.
9. be angry with对……生气
He was angry with himself for having made such a foolish mistake.
He was angry at being kept waiting.
10. be anxious about对……担心
I was anxious about my son's health.
11. apply for申请
I have applied to the Consul for the visa.
12. take sth. in one's arms把……抱在怀里
She took a bunch of roses in her arms.
13. take up arms拿起武器
We should take up our arms to defend our motherland.
14. arrive in/at a place达到某地
My brother will arrive in Beijing next Monday.
I arrive at the school every morning at a regular time.
15. ask (sb.) for sth.向(某人)要某物
You shouldn't ask your parents for money any more.
16. pay attention to对……注意
When you write an essay, you have several things to pay attention to.
17. be away from远离……
When you friend is in trouble, don't be away from him/her; instead, you should try your best to help.
18. go/run away逃跑
It's dangerous! Go/run away immediately.
19. beat… to death将……打死
He was nearly beat to death once after he was caught stealing.
20. go to bed上床休息
I was so tired that I went to bed earlier than before.
21. make the bed铺床
You are old enough to make the beds by yourself.
22. beg one's pardon请某人再说一遍
Sorry I didn't catch it. I beg your pardon.
23. begin… with以……开始
The party began with a cheerful song.